THE SURROUNDINGS

Dima represents a true reflection of traditional agriculture, cattle farming and shepherding in Bizkaia and, in turn, Artaun is one of the places which still mantains the natural landscape. In fact, as it borders on the Urkiola Natural Park, it has preserved a natural setting of great beauty, as well as elements and landscapes that take us back in time. The chapel, the bowling green, the village square, the farriery, the former schools, the architectural diversity of the farmhouses are an example of its value, which is further enhanced, if possible, by its views over the never-ending landscape from the Aramotz mountain range towards Gorbea. 

Places such as the Baltzaola Caves, Jentilzubi or Axlor– in the nearby village of Indusi- prehistoric site of the Middle Paleolithic period, discovered by Father José Miguel de Barandiaran, and the many ancient paths show us that it is a place where humans have lived since time inmemorial.

In this priviledged natural space, ancestral traditions and customs are still very much alive thanks to the work and living memory of its elders. It is still possible to listen to them telling tales and mythological legends. Not in vain is it the cradle of Basque mythology, as reflected by Father Barandiaran in his research and in the gathering of many testimonials. The Balzola Caves are the central point around which all the myths of Witches, Lamias, Gentiles and Basajuan (figures from Basque mythology) revolve.

 

Artaun is located on the south-facing side of the Aramotz mountain range, also known as Legarmendi, which lies between Arratia and Duranguesado, and which belongs to Urkiola Natural Park. It is a karstic system, in which limestone dominates the landscape on its peaks, and a thick blanket of vegetation covers the remaining area, which is home to around 700 different species. In addition to the many cavities in the limestone, as a result of the constant stream of water, this unique relief presents some interesting features due to the transformation of the limestome, such as the existence of an Icelandic spar quarry in Artaun. As for its fauna, we can find foxes, vultures, halcons, Egyptian vultures, white-tailed kites, wild boars, roe deer, martens and badgers, among others. Its flora includes holm oak, beech, oak, birch and numerous plants and herbs used in traditional household remedies. All of this makes up an environment and landscape of great natural value.

 

 

Aramotz mountain range.Climbing the following mountains:
Leungane (1009 m), Artatzagane (998 m) and Mugarra (964 m) are the highest peaks in the Aramotz mountain range, which also boasts the following peaks:

Artaungan (905 m), Atzoker (858 m), Pagasarri-Aramotz (838 m), Pagofin (814 m), Askorri (812 m), Batzuenburu (796 m), Urtemondo (788 m), Asuntza (785 m), Obako Atxa (782 m), Gaintzorrotz (780 m), Bernagoitiaburu (774 m), Askurrumendi (771 m), Kañometa (760 m), Apala-Aramotz (757 m), Pagozelai (746 m), Atxandi (741m), Pagotxueta (724 m), Gorritxueta (702 m), Atxurkulu (682 m), Belatxikieta (661 m), Artieta (650 m).

The Ugatxa and Eskubaratz mountain rangeshave the following peaks, among others:

Arrietabaso (Ezkumendi/Kanaleko) (1018), Kanpantorreta (1002), Ezkumin (915), Gorostibakar (924), Txumulutxueta (918), Deabru Atxa (779), Keixa (Otzatx) (817)

Route Searcher. Source: Mendikat

In addition to climbing the mountains, there are many routes and places of interest to visit in the surrounding área.

Routes. Source: Dima Town Hall

We look forward to seeing you in this enchanted valley located between the Gorbea and Urkiola Natural Parks.

Places of Interest: Axlor, Baltzola Caves, Leungane peak, Mugarra peak.

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